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There are states where recreational or medical marijuana use is legal. Today, one can find chemical dispensaries that offer a wide range of Delta 8 and Delta 9 THC-based products in different parts of the United States. Delta 8 THC is a less potent form of the cannabis compound that offers the same psychoactive effects as that of Delta 9 however, its legality is still in question.
But that's not what we are here to discuss for the moment.
This article covers how Delta 8 effects are compared to Delta 9 and which of the THC compounds is stronger in either of the two. So without further ado, let's dig into the details.
Delta 8 THC is a compound that is often found in the cannabis plant. Cannabis plants naturally produce over 100 different cannabinoids among which Delta 8 is one. The marijuana plant has high levels of Delta 9 THC but only trace amounts of Delta 8.
To obtain higher concentrations of this cannabinoid, the process of isomerization is used in which CBD is converted into Delta 8. Isomerization is a type of molecular rearrangement that can be done synthetically or through the use of enzymes.
Now that we know what Delta-8 is, let's see how it compares to its more potent counterpart, Delta 9 THC. The main difference between the two cannabinoids is their chemical structure.
The chemical structure of the Delta 9 THC is C21H30O2 while that of Delta 8 THC is: C22H30O2. As you can see, both have a very similar chemical structure with only a few atoms in their molecules being rearranged.
Also, there's a difference in their potency because Delta 9 THC is more potent than Delta 8 as it has a higher binding affinity for the CB1 receptor. The CB1 receptors are located in the brain and are responsible for the psychoactive effects of THC.
It is common knowledge that Delta-8 THC is less potent than Delta 9 and offers mild psychoactive effects. Users have reported that it provides a clear-headed high as compared to the couch-locked feeling that one experiences after smoking regular weed.
READ: Is Delta 8 Legal?
Many manufacturers in the United States market sell Delta 8 THC products as a cure for different medical conditions such as mental health issues, anxiety disorders, cancer, and appetite loss. However, as far as the legality of the drug is concerned, the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has neither evaluated nor approved the claims. In May 2022, the FDA sent out a warning letter to 5 manufacturers of the Delta-8 THC products which violated the Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act. Therefore, the legality of this cannabinoid is still in question.
The warning letters state that the products are mislabeled, for example not having enough instructions, marketing products as treatments for medical conditions without proof, and adding an illegal substance (delta-8 THC) to foods like candy or chocolate.
But over time, and their adequate branding, this THC -based products have become more popular and their market has grown exponentially. Some of these brands are now available on-shelf and can be purchased for recreational as well as medicinal purposes.
As far as the medicinal benefits of consuming the Delta 8 or the Delta 9 THC compound is concerned, there are a few prerequisites that are important to establish in order to make the product eligible for medicinal use. These prerequisites include the following:
Once the above conditions are met, it is safe to claim that these THC-based products can be used for medicinal purposes. With that being said, here are the benefits listed below;
Just like any other THC-based compound, consuming Delta 8 or Delta 9 exceeding the delegated amount of consumption can have some adverse effects on the mind and the body.
Some of these short-term health problems of overconsumption include:
Although, these adverse effects can quickly resolve in just under an hour or two especially if you've inhaled the product. However, if you used it in an edible form of consumption, the effect can easily take several hours to wear off which can be a bit more uncomfortable.
It is important to note that the long-term risks are still unknown as the research surrounding this topic is still in its preliminary stages.
At the end of the day, it is still your responsibility to be fully aware of the risks that are associated with consuming THC Delta 8 or Delta 9 compounds.
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As far as the question goes, which of the following two compounds are stronger... Delta 8 or Delta 9? The answer to that is Delta 9 because it is the major component of THC that is found in the Sativa Cannabis plant. However, based on the information that is currently available, it seems that both compounds offer a variety of medicinal benefits with very minimal risks.