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For those of you who aren't quite sure about cannabis, it is derived from a plant called the marijuana plant. Marijuana is known for its 100 chemical compounds, commonly known as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are easily consumed through two methods; they can either be ingested or inhaled, depending on the condition in which it is available to the masses.
The cannabinoid compound, when consumed, binds with receptors in the human body, mainly found in the brain and nervous system. These binding sites are also known as cannabinoid receptors. There are two types of cannabinoid receptors; CB1 and CB2.
CB1 receptors are generally found in high numbers within the brain and spinal cord. Whereas CB2 receptors are more often found in the peripheral nervous system, especially within the cells of the immune system. The body's natural cannabinoids are endocannabinoids and bind to these receptors as THC and CBD do.
CB1 receptors are mainly responsible for the psychoactive effects of THC. The CB2 receptors, on the other hand, are not known to exhibit the same effects. CBD is known to interact with CB2 receptors and negate some of the psychoactive effects of THC.
So, which cannabinoid is best? It depends on what you're looking for.
Today, we will highlight the 10 common cannabinoid compounds found in the cannabis plant and their effects on the human body.
READ: Is HHC Safe?
THC is the most well-known and studied cannabinoid compound found in the cannabis plant. It is also the most psychoactive, producing the "high" associated with marijuana use. THC binds to CB1 receptors in the brain and can produce a variety of effects, including:
It is not safe to drive or operate machinery after consuming THC as it can impair your ability to do so.
CBD is the second most well-known cannabinoid compound found in the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, CBD does not produce a psychoactive effect and is known to counteract some of the effects of THC. CBD binds to both CB1 and CB2 receptors in the body, but it has a more complex relationship with each one.
CBD is known to interact with CB1 receptors in a way that reduces some of the psychoactive effects of THC. It also modulates the pain response by interacting with CB2 receptors. CBD is thought to have several other therapeutic effects, including:
READ: What is THCP?
CBN is a cannabinoid compound that is produced when THC breaks down. It is not as well-studied as THC or CBD, but it is thought to produce some of the same effects. CBN binds to both CB1 and CB2 receptors and is thought to produce the following effects:
THCV is a cannabinoid compound that is present in certain strains of cannabis. It is similar to THC in structure but produces different effects. THCV binds to CB1 receptors but does not produce the same psychoactive effects as THC. THCV is thought to counteract some of the effects of THC, including:
CBDV is a cannabinoid compound that is found in some strains of cannabis. It is similar to CBD in structure but produces different effects. If you're suffering from epilepsy, CBDV may be a helpful compound. It is thought to interact with CB1 and CB2 receptors in a way that helps to prevent seizures. CBDV binds to both CB1 and CB2 receptors but is thought to produce the following effects:
CBGV is also a by-product of the cannabis plant and is the propyl homolog of cannabigerol. It is also known as the mother of all cannabinoids and is one of the highly potent cannabinoids. Like other cannabinoids, it also binds with both the receptors and is great for reducing cancer cells in the human body suffering from Leukemia.
CBGV has the following benefits:
It is great for patients who are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
CBDA is a cannabinoid compound found in the raw, unheated cannabis plant. When cannabis is heated, CBDA decarboxylates into CBD. CBDA is non-psychoactive and is thought to have several therapeutic effects, including:
READ: What is CBDA?
It May help treat seizure disorders. CBDA is a promising compound for treating several different medical conditions.
CBCA is the fourth primary cannabinoid appearing in the cannabis plant. It is commonly found in the highest levels in tropical marijuana strains. CBCA is non-psychoactive and is thought to have different therapeutic effects. The secretion process of the CBCA is different from that of THC, CBD, and CBG. It starts during the early stages of the plant’s growth and is thought to have many benefits. It can help you with the following:
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Cannabinoids are compounds in the cannabis plant that offer a wide range of therapeutic benefits. THC, CBD, and CBG are the three most well-known and well-studied cannabinoids. Each cannabinoid produces different effects.
THC is responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis, while CBD is non-psychoactive. CBG is the most potent anti-inflammatory compound in the cannabis plant. Many other lesser-known cannabinoids also offer a wide range of benefits. But that's it for today, until next time... cheers.